On-Page SEO Techniques for Beginners


On-Page SEO Techniques for Beginners

On-Page SEO Techniques for Beginners: A Comprehensive Guide to Optimising Your Website

Embarking on your journey into the world of search engine optimisation (SEO) can be daunting, especially when you’re new to the field. To help you build a strong foundation and understand the essential techniques, we have compiled a comprehensive guide on on-page SEO for beginners. With our authority on the topic, you will be well-equipped to optimise your website for improved search engine rankings and online visibility. This guide focuses on informational intent, providing you with the knowledge you need to implement on-page SEO techniques effectively.

What is On-Page SEO?

On-page SEO, also known as on-site SEO, refers to the practice of optimising individual web pages to improve their search engine rankings and attract more organic traffic. It involves making adjustments to your website’s content, structure, and HTML elements to ensure that search engines can easily understand and index your pages.

Essential On-Page SEO Techniques for Beginners

Here are some crucial on-page SEO techniques that beginners should focus on:

  1. Keyword Research
  2. Optimising Titles and Headings
  3. Crafting Meta Descriptions
  4. Creating High-Quality Content
  5. Using Internal and External Links
  6. Optimising URLs
  7. Image Optimisation
  8. Mobile Responsiveness
  9. Improving Page Load Speed
  10. Implementing Schema Markup

Keyword Research

Effective keyword research is the foundation of successful on-page SEO. It involves identifying relevant keywords and phrases that your target audience uses when searching for products, services, or information related to your industry. To conduct keyword research:

  • Use keyword research tools like Google Ads Keyword Planner, Ubersuggest, or Ahrefs to find relevant keywords and search volume data.
  • Analyse competitor websites to identify the keywords they are targeting.
  • Focus on long-tail keywords, which are less competitive and more specific.

Optimising Titles and Headings

Your page title and headings play a vital role in on-page SEO, as they help search engines understand your content’s topic and structure. To optimise your titles and headings:

  • Include your primary keyword in the title tag and H1 heading.
  • Make your title tag between 50-60 characters to ensure it displays correctly in search results.
  • Use H2 and H3 headings to break up your content into easily digestible sections and include relevant secondary keywords.

Crafting Meta Descriptions

A meta description is a brief summary of your web page’s content that appears below the title in search engine results. Although meta descriptions do not directly impact rankings, they can influence click-through rates (CTR). To write compelling meta descriptions:

  • Limit your meta description to 150-160 characters.
  • Include your primary keyword and a compelling call-to-action.
  • Write unique meta descriptions for each page on your website.

Creating High-Quality Content

Quality content is the cornerstone of any successful on-page SEO strategy. To create high-quality content that appeals to both search engines and users:

  • Write original, informative, and engaging content that addresses your audience’s needs and preferences.
  • Use a natural writing style and avoid keyword stuffing.
  • Break up your content with subheadings, bullet points, and images to improve readability.
  • Regularly update your content to ensure it remains relevant and accurate.

Using Internal and External Links

Internal and external links can significantly impact your on-page SEO by improving your website’s navigation and providing additional value to users. To optimise your use of internal and external links:

  • Include relevant internal links to guide users to related content within your website.
  • Add external links to authoritative websites that offer additional information or support your claims
  • Use descriptive anchor text that accurately reflects the linked content
  • Avoid using too many links, as this can be distracting and may appear spammy.

Optimising URLs

A well-structured URL is crucial for on-page SEO, as it helps search engines and users understand your page’s content. To optimise your URLs:

  • Include your primary keyword in the URL.
  • Keep your URLs short, simple, and easy to read.
  • Use hyphens to separate words, and avoid using special characters or numbers.
  • Implement a consistent URL structure across your entire website.

Image Optimisation

Images can enhance your content’s appeal and provide additional context for search engines. To optimise your images for on-page SEO:

  • Include relevant keywords in the image file name and alt text.
  • Compress your images to reduce file size and improve page load speed.
  • Use descriptive captions that provide context for your images.
  • Implement responsive images to ensure they display correctly on various devices and screen sizes.

Mobile Responsiveness

With the increasing use of mobile devices for internet browsing, it’s vital to ensure your website is mobile-responsive. A mobile-responsive website automatically adjusts its layout and design based on the device and screen size, providing a seamless user experience. To improve your website’s mobile responsiveness:

Improving Page Load Speed

Page load speed is a critical on-page SEO factor, as it directly impacts user experience and search engine rankings. To improve your website’s page load speed:

  • Use a reliable web hosting provider.
  • Compress images and other large files.
  • Minimise the use of plugins and scripts.
  • Implement browser caching to store static files on users’ devices.
  • Use a content delivery network (CDN) to reduce the distance between your server and users.

Implementing Schema Markup

Schema markup is a form of structured data that helps search engines understand your content better and display it more effectively in search results. By implementing schema markup, you can enhance your website’s visibility and improve click-through rates. To add schema markup to your website:

  • Use Google’s Structured Data Markup Helper to generate the appropriate code.
  • Add the generated schema markup code to the relevant pages on your website.
  • Test your schema markup implementation using Google’s Structured Data Testing Tool.


By following this comprehensive guide to on-page SEO techniques for beginners, you can build a strong foundation for your website’s search engine optimisation. As you gain experience and knowledge in this field, you can continue to refine your on-page SEO strategy and stay updated on the latest industry trends and best practices. Remember that SEO is an ongoing process, and it’s essential to monitor your website’s performance and make adjustments as needed to achieve lasting success.